Despite efforts, Rohingyas remain vulnerable in Bangladesh

A Rohingya Muslim child holding an umbrella while under the rain at Shwe Zar village is seen during a government-organized visit for journalists in Maungdaw township Rakhine state

She now lives with her family at the Kutupalong refugee camp in Cox's Bazar, the world's largest, among some 700,000 Rohingya Muslims from Myanmar who have taken shelter there since last August.

On Aug. 25, 2017, Myanmar launched a major military crackdown on the Muslim ethnic minority, killing nearly 24,000 civilians and forcing 750,000 others to flee to Bangladesh, according to the Ontario International Development Agency (OIDA).

Rashida Begum, a Rohingya refugee woman bathes her son in the Kutupalong camp in Cox's Bazar, Bangladesh.

"Housing, yes, that can be replaced; people can be relocated".

While Bangladesh showed extraordinary generosity by opening its doors to the refugees, 12 months on, the Rohingya's fate remains very uncertain.

"The situation in the area hasn't changed within one year", he said.

About 100 protesters from a group of non-governmental organizations formed a human chain in front of the national press club in Dhaka to demand the global community put pressure on the Burmese government to try those responsible for murder, rape and arson, the English-language Daily Star reported.

Anti-Rohingya pogroms have been a part of life in the region for years, and violence against them began ratcheting up again in October 2016, as the Myanmar government started complaining about violence by Rohingya militants. Within that, healthcare funding stands at a mere 16.%, leaving significant gaps in the provision of vital medical services.

Among their demands are for Myanmar to grant them citizenship, greater inclusivity in government services such as education and workforce, the ensuring of safety and security, as well as reparations for all that they have lost. Vaccination campaigns, supported by MSF, have been instrumental in preventing outbreaks of cholera and measles, and in containing the spread of diphtheria. Dildar has vowed never to return to Myanmar.

There have been continuous talks between Myanmar, Bangladesh and the United Nations, however, only few signs indicating that it is time for Rohingyas to go home any time soon. They said they had been confined to their homes and pushed to the brink of starvation, unable to visit farms for work, markets and fishing ponds for food, or mosques to pray.

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Refugees sit together at a ceremony.

With generous support from KSrelief, 86 staff has been added to the workforce of the Cox's Bazar district hospital, the only facility providing referral services to the vulnerable population and the host community. Though we don't have any death since April in the disease, every week we are getting 25-30 suspected case.

According to Amnesty International, more than 750,000 Rohingya refugees, mostly children and women, have fled Myanmar and crossed into Bangladesh after Myanmar forces launched a crackdown on the minority Muslim community.

The Rohingya "need to have safety and security when they come back".

Numerous refugees that MSF teams speak to are very anxious about the future.

"After six years here, our health is worsening", said Thin Mya, a 64-year-old Kaman Muslim mother of four.

More durable solutions must be found to respond to what is likely to be a protracted period of displacement.

However, nine months down the line, the process is still in limbo, with UNHCR and other aid agencies alleging that the condition in Myanmar was not conducive to the return of the Rohingyas.

"The scale and scope of the Rohingya's suffering merits a much more robust response - locally, regionally and globally", said Kolovos.

Meanwhile, new stories of Rohingya being raped and killed and families being separated continue to surface.

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