Two suspected Nipah cases in Hyderabad, people asked to avoid Kerala

Nipah virus claims another life in Kerala 9 others under observation

The Bihar government issued Nipah virus alert on Saturday, asking people to take precautions, an official said.

Ensuring better coordination among various departments in containing the Nipah virus outbreak and to tackle rumour-mongering via social media, the state government has constituted a crisis management group.

Its natural host are fruit bats of the Pteropodidae family, and it was first identified just 20 years ago in 1998 when an outbreak occurred in Kampung Sungai Nipah in Malaysia.

The Nipah Virus infection (NiV) claimed one more life in Kerala on Thursday, according to the National Centre for Disease Control (NCDC).

The virus, which commonly affects animals such as bats, pigs, dogs, and horses, can spread to humans and cause serious illness among humans. Prior, the two comparable cases were suspected from Mangalore in Karnataka yet reports were negative. "Doctors and health staff are also vulnerable to the virus". Over the past few weeks, many in Kerala have been kept under observation as they are suspected to have contracted the virus. "To stop the outbreak, authorities had to euthanize over one million pigs".

A World Health Organization analysis paper on Nipah notes that outbreaks since 2001 have been due to drinking contaminated date palm sap, or its fermented variety, especially in Bangladesh.

Though the 25-year-old man did not visit the area which is affected by the virus, the authorities did not take any chances and sent his samples along that of another man, who is admitted to Nizam's Institute of Medical Sciences (NIMS) with rncephalitis. "While the incubation period is long for some, on an average in 90 per cent of cases, the disease manifests itself within two weeks of exposure to the virus", Menon said. "The disease is treated with supportive and symptomatic care which is the mainstay of the treatment", maintains the advisory.

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Two members of his family had died earlier of the virus.

Nipah virus is a rather lethal disease.

Since then, outbreaks have occurred nearly every year in Bangladesh, and twice before in the Indian state of West Bengal.

Headache, dizziness, nausea, drowsiness, fever (lasts up-to four to five days) and confusion are some of the common signs and symptoms of the deadly disease.

Historically, the virus had largely remained in a cluster, meaning it was mostly confined to an area, and affected those that came in close contact to the patients, the experts said.

How is Nipah virus transmitted?

A worldwide coalition set up a year prior to battle plagues has struck a $25 million manage two U.S. biotech organizations to quicken take a shot at an immunization against the cerebrum harming Nipah infection.

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